Side-striped Jackal


Black backed Jackal
Canis mesomelas

A small, elegant canine with long, pointed ears and a black-tipped bushy tail. Its coat is reddish brown to tan, showing a black saddle with intermixed silvery hair, and white underparts.

Occupying habitats intermediate between plains and deciduous woodlands, it predominates in Acacia/Commiphora woodlands. Black-backed Jackals are omnivorous, feeding on the same diet as other jackals, ranging from invertebrates to Topi calves, fruits, and carrion.
They live in pairs and families, with family members helping to rear the pubs, dramatically increasing their survival rate.

Golden Jackal
Canis aureus

A small canine with yellowish to silverish gray coat without prominent markings, reddish limbs, white underparts and a usually black tail tip.

It is the most desert-adapted jackal, dwelling in plains and steppe, and feeding on invertebrates and vertebrates up to the size of Topi calves, but also fruits and carrion.
Usually seen in territorial pairs or families where it forms permanent pair bonds, larger groups are formed when food is abundant. In protected areas it can be active at all times of day, otherwise it is mainly nocturnal.

Side-striped Jackal
Canis adustus

Distinguished from the other jackals due to its white-tipped tail, a more or less distinct side-stripe and its light gray or buff colour, this is the only jackal found in broadleaved savanna, also common in bush-, marsh- and grassland with good ground cover.

Being mainly nocturnal, but occasionally seen in daytime, feeding on fruits, invertebrates and vertebrates up to antelope calves, it is said to be less predatory than the other jackals, mainly because game is generally sparse in its habitat.
Side-striped Jackals are monogamous, forming territorial pairs living probably similar to the other jackals, but are not sufficiently studied.


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